The John Jay Pomeroy Manuscript Collection

Collection Summary

Creator: Pomeroy, John Jay, 1834-1889
Dates: 1862-1864
Extent: 4 boxes (2.75 linear feet)
Language(s): English
Repository: Princeton Theological Seminary Library. Special Collections.


1834 Born in Roxbury, Pa.
1857 Graduated from Lafayette College
1861 Graduated from Princeton Theological Seminary
1861 Ordained by the Presbyterian Church
1861-1862 Served as Pastor in Dover, Delaware
1862-1865 Served as Chaplain in U.S. Army during Civil War
1865-1878 Served as Pastor in Upper Octorara, Pa.
1878-1884 Served as Pastor of 1st Presbyterian Church, Rahway, N.J.
1884-1889 Served as Pastor of Central Church, Chambersburg, Pa.
1885 Received honorary DD, Lafayette College
1889 Died in Chambersburg, Pa., December 1

Biographical Information

John Jay Pomeroy was born in Roxbury, Pennsylvania, on September 8, 1834. After graduating from Lafayette College in 1857, he came to Princeton Theological Seminary and graduated with the class of 1861. Upon ordination, he began serving as pastor of the Presbyterian church in Dover, Delaware in 1861, the same year the Civil War broke out. In 1862, Pomeroy accepted a position as a chaplain to the Union Army’s 198th Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers and continued with them through the end of the War in 1865. He carried five small books with him, along with a portable writing desk, upon which he wrote many letters. These items, as well as others, are contained in this collection. When the Civil War ended, he took the pastorate at churches in Upper Octorara, Pa. (1865-1878); Rahway, N.J. (1878-1884); and Chambersburg, Pa. (1884-1889). He received an honorary Doctor of Divinity degree from Lafayette College in 1885.


Scope and Content

The collection primarily consists of items carried by, written by, or given to Pomeroy during his chaplaincy at the time of the Civil War. Other items (mostly books) from his study are also included.



Pomeroy, John Jay, 1834-1889

United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Chaplains.

United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Correspondence.

Princeton Theological Seminary


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

The following is the acceptable citation for publication: The John Jay Pomeroy Manuscript Collection. Special Collections, Princeton Theological Seminary Library.

Processing Information

The collection was processed by Joshua Wilder in Spring 2015 under the supervision of Curator of Special Collections and Archivist Kenneth Henke.


There are no special restrictions to access of this collection. It may be examined by library patrons under the normal rules and conditions of Special Collections.


Related Material

See also the following materials in Special Collections: Lloyd’s Official Map of the State of Virginia, 1862; Autograph catalogue, Class of 1861



The John Jay Pomeroy Collection has been arranged in two series.

Series I: Books

Series II: Correspondence, newspaper articles, family history items, ephemera



Series I: Books
Box 1:
1:1 Holy Bible, Holman’s Edition 1883
1:2 Portable wooden writing desk undated
1:3 Bible dictionary 1856
1:4 Compact Bible, T. Nelson and Sons 1854
1:5 Compact Bible, T. Nelson and Sons 1853
1:6 English pocket dictionary 1859
1:7 Compact Bible, Hogan and Thompson 1838
Box 2
2:1 Hitchcock’s Complete Analysis of the Holy Bible 1873
Box 3
3:1 Holy Bible, J.L. Read and Son 1816
Series II: Correspondence, newspaper articles, family history items, ephemera
Box 4
4:1 Watch fob chain with engraved medallion, watch fob chain with locket, miniature picture frame undated
4:2 John Jay Pomeroy Memorial booklet undated, 1946 November 13
4:3 The Pomeroys of Roxbury, the Civil War 1864-1988
Newspaper article, "The War in West Virginia"  1864 May 25
Original envelope  undated
Darwin Crawford Pomeroy, "The Pomeroys of Roxbury and the Civil War"  1988 June
“Berry Pomeroy Castle"  undated
Newspaper article, “Tells Story of Repairs and History of Pomeroy Cemetery Lot at Middle Spring"   1950 January 27
Photocopy of letter, To George, from Darwin  1988 June
Map photocopy, “The Events Leading to the Battle of Gettysburg 1863"   1988
4:4 Map and Clipping
Newspaper article Public Opinion “If it hadn't been for Chambersburg..."   2012 July 08
Map “The Events Leading to the Battle of Gettysburg 1863"   1988
4:5 Personal letter from pastor 1854 September 26
4:6 Letters from the battlefield 1862 November-December
4:7 Letters from the battlefield 1863 January-February
4:8 Letters from the battlefield 1863 February-April
4:9 Letters from the battlefield 1863 May-July
4:10 Letters from the battlefield 1863 August-1864 January
4:11 Letters from the battlefield 1864 February-May


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