The Charles Augustus Aiken Manuscript Collection

Collection Summary

Creator: Aiken, Charles Augustus, 1827-1892
Dates: 1852-1892
Extent: 3 Boxes (1.1 linear feet)
Language(s): English, German
Repository: Princeton Theological Seminary Libraries. Special Collections.


1827 October 30 Born, Manchester, Vermont
1846 B.A., Dartmouth College
1846-1947 Teacher, Lawrence Academy, Groton, Massachusetts
1847-1849 Teacher, Phillips' Academy, Andover, Massachusetts
1849-1850, 1852-1853 Student, Andover Theological Seminary
1850-1852 Student, Universities of Halle, Berlin, and Leipzig
1854 October 19 Ordained, Congregationalist
1854-1859 Pastor, Yarmouth, Maine
1859-1866 Professor, Latin Language and Literature, Dartmouth College
1866 Ph.D., College of New Jersey (now Princeton University)
1866-1869 Professor, Latin Language and Literature, College of New Jersey (Princeton University)
1869-1871 President, Union College, New York
1870 Honorary Doctor of Divinity awarded, College of New Jersey (now Princeton University)
1871-1882 Professor, Christian Ethics and Apologetics, Princeton Theological Seminary
1882-1892 Professor, Oriental and Old Testament Literature and Christian Ethics, Princeton Theological Seminary
1888-1892 Professor, Relations of Philosophy to the Christian Religion, Princeton Theological Seminary
1892 January 14 Died, Princeton, New Jersey

Biographical Information

Charles A. Aiken, teacher and a Congregationalist pastor, served as professor of Latin, Christian Ethics, Old Testament Literature, and related subjects for thirty-three years. He taught courses at Dartmouth College, the College of New Jersey (Princeton University), and Union College before spending his last twenty years at Princeton Theological Seminary.


Scope and Content

This collection documents Dr. Aiken's life and career from 1852 until his death in 1892. The bulk of the papers consist of lecture notes from his years at Princeton Theological Seminary. The collection also contains notes taken during his 1852 trip to Germany, as well as other documents on various topics.



Aiken, Charles Augustus, 1827-1892--Manuscripts.

Princeton Theological Seminary. Library. Manuscript collections.


Administrative Information

Processing Information

This collection was processed, and the original finding aid was written by Douglas F. Denné in summer 1994, under the direction of William O. Harris, Archivist. The finding aid was revised by Raymond Cannata in August 1996, Matthew Reeder in February 2007, and Sarah Malone in May 2008.


There are no special restrictions to access of this collection. It may be examined by library patrons under the normal rules and conditions of Special Collections.

Use of Materials

The following is the acceptable citation for publication: The Charles Augustus Aiken Manuscript Collection. Special Collections, Princeton Theological Seminary Library



The papers have been divided into six series, and folders within series are not arranged in any particular order.



Box 1: Series 1: Unbound Notes from Studies in Germany, 1852
Notes from lectures at the Universities of Halle, Berlin, and Leipzig:
1:1 Hebräer - Brief. Dr. Twesten (1852 October 19).
1:2 Bibliography. Lehre von der Heiligen Schrift. Dr. Twesten (1852 October 20).
1:3 Jesaias. Hengstenberg (1852 October 21).
1:4 Einleitung in das A.T. Hengstenberg (1852 October 21).
1:5 Leidens in Anferstehungs Geschichte. Hengstenberg (1852 October 30).
1:6 Notes on theological topics (circa 1852).
1:7 Further notes on theological topics (circa 1852).
Box 1 continued: Series 2: Inaugural Address at Princeton Theological Seminary, 1871
1:8 Inaugural Address as Professor of Christian Ethics and Apologetics (1871).
Box 1 continued: Series 3: Unbound Lecture Notes, 1882-1888
Notes on Oriental and Old Testament Literature and Christian Ethics:
1:9 Canon of the O.T. (1882-1888).
1:10 The Bible and Criticism (1882 - 1888).
1:11 The Historical Books of the O.T. (1882-1888).
1:12 The Pentateuch (1882-1888).
1:13 Analysis of Joshua (1882-1888).
1:14 Analysis of Judges and Ruth (1882-1888).
1:15 Analysis of I and II Samuel (1882-1888).
1:16 Analysis of I and II, Kings and I and II, Chronicles (1882-1888).
1:17 Analysis of Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther (1882-1888).
Box 1 continued: Series 4: Unbound Lecture Notes, 1888-1892
1:18 Authenticity of the Books of the N.T. (1888-1892).
1:19 Credibility of the N.T. Scriptures (1888-1892).
1:20 Historical Difficulties of the Scriptures (1888-1892).
1:21 O.T. Scriptures (1888-1892).
1:22 Dr. Van Dyke's Statement in his Charge(1888-1892).
1:23 The Christian Scriptures (1888-1892).
1:24 Christianity an Historical Religion (1888-1892).
1:25 Historical Christianity to be Historically accounted for (1888-1892).
1:26 The Tendency Theory (1888-1892).
1:27 Detraction of Religion (1888-1892).
1:28 The Psychology of Religion (1888-1892).
1:29 The Origin of Religion (1888-1892).
1:30 The Criterion of Religion (1888-1892).
1:31 The Relations of Religion to Morality (1888-1892).
1:32 The Significance of Religion (1888-1892).
1:33 Christian Missions (1888-1892).
1:34 Christian Ethics (1888-1892).
1:35 Practical Effects (1888-1892).
Box 2: Series 4 continued
2:1 Prophecies (1888-1892).
2:2 Miracles (1888-1892).
2:3 Notes on Christian Ethics (1888-1892).
2:4 Ethics and Christian Ethics (1888-1892).
2:5 Biblical Ethics of the O.T.(1888-1892).
2:6 Biblical Ethics of the N.T. (1888-1892).
2:7 Virtue in the Ethics of Christianity (1888-1892).
2:8 The Motive Power in the Ethical System of Christianity (1888-1892).
2:9 The Moral Results of Christianity (1888-1892).
2:10 Some Relations of Christianity to Modern Civilization (1888-1892).
2:11 Some of the Relations of Christianity to Modern Civilization and to Social Science (1888-1892).
2:12 Social Science (1888-1892).
2:13 Christianity is above all other Religions of the World a Historical Religion (1888-1892).
2:14 Christianity(1888-1892).
2:15 [Fragment of] Application of the O.T. by the Evangelists (1888-1892).
Box 2 continued: Series 5: Bound Memorial Volume, 1892
2:16 In Memoriam (1892).
Box 3: Series 6: Student Notes, Correspondence, and Published Materials, 1870-1892
3:1 Syllabus of Lectures on Christian Ethics with student notes by W.H.P. Smith and William Caldwell (1889).
3:2 Two letters from Charles K. Embrie (1890 March 12; 1890 May 30).
3:3 Newspaper Clippings on Aiken.
3:4 Librarian's Report to the Trustees, 1874-75.
3:5 Memorial Minutes, Union College, Western Theological Seminary
3:6 Letters and memorials for Aiken's death.
3:7 Letter from Aiken to Dr. John Maclean (1871 May 2).
3:8 Pamphlets of inaugurations of Aiken: Union College (1870) and Princeton Seminary (1871).
3:9 Pamphlet by Aiken: Oration before Alumni Association of Dartmouth College (1886).
3:10 Obituaries of Aiken.


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